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What Is HSE (Health, Safety and Environment)


What Does Health, Safety and Environment (HSE) Mean?

HSE (Health, Safety and Environment) is said to be an umbrella term for the laws, rules, guidance and processes designed to help protect employees, the public and the environment from harm.

It involves creating organized efforts and procedures for identifying workplace hazards and reducing accidents and exposure to harmful situations and substances. It also includes training of personnel in accident prevention, accident response, emergency preparedness, and use of protective clothing and equipment.

It also involve the development of safe, high quality, and environmentally friendly processes, working practices and systemic activities that prevent or reduce the risk of harm to people in general, operators, or patients.

Regulatory requirements play an important role in EHS discipline and EHS managers must identify and understand relevant EHS regulations, the implications of which must be communicated to executive management so the company can implement suitable measures. Organizations based in the United States are subject to EHS regulations in the Code of Federal Regulations, particularly CFR 29, 40, and 49. Still, EHS management is not limited to legal compliance and companies should be encouraged to do more than is required by law, if appropriate.



Other acronyms associated with Health Safety and Environment are:

Acronym Name  Group
OHS Occupational Health and Safety Occupational Health and Safety
HSE Health, Safety and Environment Health, Safety and Environment
EHS / EH&S Environment, Health and Safety
SHE Safety, Health and Environment
QHSE Quality, Health, Safety, and Environment Quality, Health, Safety, and Environment
HSEQ Health, Safety, Environment and Quality
HSSE Health, Safety, Security and Environment Health, Safety, Security and Environment
QHSSE Quality, Health, Safety, Security, and Environment Quality, Health, Safety, Security, and Environment
HSSEQ Health, Safety, Security, Environment, and Quality


What Is The Role Of An HSE Specialist?

  • Develop, implement and review Health and Safety procedures within the safety management system.
  • Monitor the implementation of the approved Health and Safety Plan.
  • Provide Health and Safety Management Training.
  • Carry out workplace inspections.
  • Implementation of Environmental, Health and Safety related activities and programs.
  • Report Company’s Health and Safety Performance.
  • Conduct regular service and system audit.
  • Prepare site Safe Operating Procedures (SOP’s).
  • Develop, implement and review Health and Safety procedures within the safety management system.
  • Develop safety alerts and staff notice.
  • Facilitate Risk Assessments.
  • Conduct incident investigations and compile investigation reports.
  • Conduct safety inductions and health and safety training.
  • Present health and safety meetings and communicate health and safety information, etc.

READ: 49 Essential Duties Of A Safety Officer

READ: What Is The Important Difference Between OSHA And NEBOSH



Qualification Of A Health And Safety Specialist

 To be a Health and Safety specialist, you must acquire necessary certifications, and probably gain registration into a Health and Safety organization. There are different Health and Safety certifications; few general Health and Safety certifications include:


Some Health And Safety Organization Includes:

  • ISPON (Institute of Safety Professionals of Nigeria)
  • IOSH (Institute of Occupational Safety and Health )
  • BCSF (Board of Certified Safety professionals)
  • OSHA (Occupational Safety and Health Administration)
  • IIRSM (International Institute of Risk and Safety Management)
  • NIOSH (National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health)

READ: IOSH Membership Procedures

With these necessary Health and Safety qualifications and registration with one or more Health and Safety professional body you are ready to take up the name Health and Safety specialist. The experience required will be gotten as you progress in the profession.


General Categories

The guidelines cover categories specific to each industry as well as those that are general to most industry sectors. Examples of general categories and subcategories are:

1. Environmental
1.1 Air emissions and ambient air quality1.2 Energy conservation

1.3 Wastewater and ambient water quality

1.4 Water conservation

1.5 Hazardous materials management

1.6 Waste management

1.7 Noise

1.8 Contaminated land

2. Occupational health and safety
2.1 General facility design and operation2.2 Communication and training

2.3 Physical hazards

2.4 Chemical hazards

2.5 Biological hazards

2.6 Radiological hazards BG

2.7 Personal protective equipment (PPE)

2.8 Special hazard environments

2.9 Monitoring

3. Community health and safety
3.1 Water quality and availability3.2 Structural safety of project infrastructure

3.3 Life and fire safety (LFS)

3.4 Traffic safety

3.5 Transport of hazardous materials

3.6 Disease prevention

3.7 Emergency preparedness and response

4. Construction and decommissioning
4.1 Environment4.2 Occupational health and safety

4.3 Community health and safety


READ: Important Occupational Health And Safety Degree Requirements For Admission


HSE Training & Certifications

READ: 7 Common Types of Accident At Work

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