Heat disorders are variety of issues that exposure to heat could cause. This heat disorders is rampant among workers working under high temperature.
There are generally five (5) heat disorders:
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- Heat burns: Feature with redness of the skin.
- Heat rashes: Feature as rashes, blister, bumps, or red rashes.
- Heat Cramps: Feature as muscle spasm
- Heat exhaustion: Feature as – Confusion, Dark-colored urine (a sign of dehydration), Dizziness, Fainting, Fatigue, Headache, Abdominal cramps, Nausea, Vomiting, Diarrhea.
- Heat Stroke: Throbbing headache, Dizziness and light-headedness, Lack of sweating despite the heat, (Red, hot, and dry skin), Muscle weakness or cramps, Nausea and vomiting, Rapid heartbeat, rapid and shallow breathing.
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5 Ways to prevent heat disorders
- Drink much water and fluid with electrolytes.
- Avoid drink and taking anything which contains alcohol and caffeine.
- Damp towel placed on the neck help suck some heat and calm your body temperature.
- Use safe clothing. Use light cloth, light colored clothing and free clothing to allow for heat exchange.
- Regulate your working pace. Remember – Higher work pace will result to more heat generation.
First aid measures
If anyone develops any of the heat disorders, here are things to do:
- Take him away from the heat
- Remove his cloths were possible to allow cool breeze to cool him down
- If there is water, let him take a cool bath or sponge him with cold water if there not enough water to take a cool shower.
- Give him fluid to replenish his fluid base.
The patient should recover within minutes, but if he fails to recover; call or emergency.
He should be taken to a medical facility as fast as possible.