Toolbox Talk: Heat Disorders

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Toolbox Talk: Heat Disorders

Heat disorders are variety of issues that exposure to heat could cause. This heat disorders is rampant among workers working under high temperature.

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There are generally five (5) heat disorders:

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  • Heat burns: Feature with redness of the skin.
  • Heat rashes: Feature as rashes, blister, bumps, or red rashes.
  • Heat Cramps: Feature as muscle spasm
  • Heat exhaustion: Feature as – Confusion, Dark-colored urine (a sign of dehydration), Dizziness, Fainting, Fatigue, Headache, Abdominal cramps, Nausea, Vomiting, Diarrhea.
  • Heat Stroke: Throbbing headache, Dizziness and light-headedness, Lack of sweating despite the heat, (Red, hot, and dry skin), Muscle weakness or cramps, Nausea and vomiting, Rapid heartbeat, rapid and shallow breathing.

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5 Ways to prevent heat disorders

  1. Drink much water and fluid with electrolytes.
  2. Avoid drink and taking anything which contains alcohol and caffeine.
  3. Damp towel placed on the neck help suck some heat and calm your body temperature.
  4. Use safe clothing. Use light cloth, light colored clothing and free clothing to allow for heat exchange.
  5. Regulate your working pace. Remember – Higher work pace will result to more heat generation.

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First aid measures 

If anyone develops any of the heat disorders, here are things to do:

  • Take him away from the heat
  • Remove his cloths were possible to allow cool breeze to cool him down
  • If there is water, let him take a cool bath or sponge him with cold water if there not enough water to take a cool shower.
  • Give him fluid to replenish his fluid base.

The patient should recover within minutes, but if he fails to recover; call or emergency.

He should be taken to a medical facility as fast as possible.

 

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