The safety pyramid was created by H. W. Heinrich, about 88years ago.
The Safety Pyramid compares the frequency of different types of incidents, ranging in severity from generally unsafe behaviors and hazards, to incidents that end in serious injuries or fatalities.
It offers a ratio formula that encouraged safety professionals to focus on the causes of minor injuries as a way to reduce the probability of having major accidents.
From the pyramid, unsafe behaviours and resultant negative outcome increases as you move up the pyramid.
What the pyramid encourages us to correct those little violations at the base of the pyramid; if that is done, the pyramid will never have the chance to reach the upper catastrophe level.
Make it a habit to observe, investigate, and document each incident thoroughly no matter how minor. The Safety Pyramid is a reference tool that can help to encourage an effective safety culture within your organization and promote accountability throughout the workplace.