In this article, we will be considering the “Negative Effects Of Electric Cars On The Environment“.
Electric car sales are rising rapidly daily in developed nations as more nations are worried about the threat posed by climate change. Extreme droughts, storms, heat waves, and rising sea levels are just some of the more severe weather that is already affecting some areas.
There is a growing demand to reduce global carbon emissions and establish a transportation sector that is more environmentally friendly. However, there is no one right way to achieve these objectives. Climate change mitigation and environmental protection necessitate a number of actions.
Putting Electric cars otherwise called Electric Vehicles (EVs) on the road is one way some countries are moving to clean energy.
However, electric cars have both advantages and disadvantages. Manufacturers may be able to overcome some of the problems such as those encountered during production of electric cars and the recycling of used vehicles at the end of their lifespan, as well as those related to charging times and renewable energy sources, but only time will tell. EVs also have impact on the environment.
READ: 5 Environmental Issues Everyone Forgets About
Body parts, chargers, and other components are still manufactured in industrial factories as part of this transportation revolution. Mining, or removing minerals from the earth is required for lithium-ion batteries and other components. These batteries and their components have expiration dates, resulting in additional waste that may cause environmental harm wherever it is disposed of.
Here Are The Negative Effects Of Electric Cars On The Environment
- The majority of EV chargers use electricity from power plants that still burn fossil fuels. This could be problematic in states like California, where residents will be forced to endure additional rolling blackouts because the energy grid is already stretched to its limits during the hot summer months.
- The production of electric car batteries has the potential to have negative effects on the environment, including a decrease in freshwater availability, air pollution, and the loss of biodiversity.
- Materials like nickel, lithium, cobalt, and others in EV batteries require a lot of energy to mine. Also, these minerals are frequently extracted in locations with poor environmental records. Many are concerned that the mining could cause massive destruction, corrupt an ecosystem that is already fragile, and pillage a country’s natural resources. Lithium mining is bad as it leaves visible scars on the surface of the Earth.
- Because of the vehicle’s increased torque and weight, EV tires wear out more quickly. EV tires are only expected to last between 30,000 and 40,000 miles. As a result, you will buy tires more frequently, which will raise emissions.
- Even though electric cars don’t produce any emissions from their engines, their batteries do, and these batteries can produce harmful fumes. Non-renewable energy sources make up the majority of the electricity used to power electric vehicles, which can be harmful to our health and the environment.
- Electric vehicles need electricity to run. This entails connecting to an electricity grid that may contain coal, destructive dams, burned waste products, and other unclean energy sources.
READ: Effect And Prevention Of Carbon Monoxide Poisoning
- Rare-earth components are necessary for the operation of electric car batteries, mobile phones, and various consumer electronics. According to Harvard University, these minerals are present in the Earth’s crust, but it is difficult to separate them from their components. As a result, it is necessary to blow up portions of land and sift through the debris that remains. Processing rare-earth minerals results in the waste being separated from radioactive elements like uranium and thorium. The release of hazardous substances into the soil, water, and air when other byproducts from the process are disposed of can also harm the ecosystem in the area.
- The natural resources for manufacturing Electric cars must be mined, and the most common way of mining produces tons of harmful substances. The unrefined substances must be refined before they can be utilized which even produces more ozone depleting substance transmitting it to the environment. This also happens while manufacturing a petroleum or diesel vehicle. As a matter of fact, considering the entire presentation process, making a petroleum or diesel vehicle discharges around 7 to 10 tons of CO2. Although making an electric car produces a similar measure of CO2, however, you need to include the production of the battery. Gauges recommend that 150kg of CO2 are delivered for each 1 kiloWatt hour (kWh) of battery limit. For an electric vehicle to travel far like 300 miles, it needs a battery that is no less than 60kWh in limit. This means that more 9 tons of CO2 will be produced during the making of an electric vehicle, giving a sum of 16-19 tons of CO2 discharged. Therefore, an electric vehicle appears to be more terrible for the environment than a petroleum car.
- The natural effect of an electric vehicle can increase significantly depending on how the power source that charges the car battery is manufactured. A coal-terminated power station discharges 800-850 grams of CO2 for each kWh while a cleaner gas-terminated power station emanates 350-400g CO2 per kWh. So, whenever the electric car is charged using environmentally friendly power, its adverse consequence on the environment could be far lower than if it’s charged using power from a coal-terminated power station. To explain further, electric vehicles (EVs) have no tailpipe outflows. Producing the power used to charge EVs may produce carbon contamination. Judging how the power source is created. For instance, using coal or flammable gas, which transmit carbon contamination, versus inexhaustible assets like breeze or sunlight based, which do not. Research shows that an EV is commonly liable for lower levels of ozone depleting substances than a typical new fuel vehicle. More environmentally friendly power sources like breeze and solar are used to produce power, the absolute GHGs related with EVs could be even lower.
- Working in an electric vehicle causes brake dust, airborne residue, and tire consumption which contributes negatively on the environment and very risky to both plants and animals including humans.
READ: What Is Acid Rain | Causes & Effects
Many Electric car owners/drivers believe that they are driving an electric vehicle which does not impact negatively on the environment. This is true to some extent but as shown above, electric cars can prove to be more harmful.
Did you have the idea that the metals used inside batteries for electric vehicles such as Leucum, Nickel, Cobalt and Garfield (that live on the earth’s surface) all cause a pollution especially when tampered with? Well, now you know!