First aid is the assistance given to any person suffering a sudden illness or injury. This care provided to helps to preserve life, prevent the condition from worsening, and/or promote recovery. It includes initial intervention in a serious condition prior to professional medical help. Having a first aid in schools is very important owing to the carelessness and ignorance of school children and even the staffs.
Health and safety guideline demands that schools should have trained first aiders with first aid facilities to administer first aid.
In schools it is the duty of the employer to ensure that an adequate first aid plan is in place which will cover both the staffs and the pupil. This first aid plan could be part of the school emergency plan or it could be in isolation.
It is recommended that school management set out adequate structure to ensure good first aid delivery when necessary.
The management may decide to train the head teachers, different class teachers or employ a first aider to dispose the duty of rendering first aid.
The school should identify the number of appointed persons needed. Arrangements should be made to ensure cover is available at all times while people are on school premises.
While there is no mandatory number of first-aiders required at any time, schools have a responsibility to assess the risks and the needs. Generally, schools will try to ensure they have as many first aiders as possible. The number of first aiders should be commensurate with the population of students and staffs on site.
There also may be more first-aid equipped members of staff on duty at specific times – such as breaks, and lunches.
Trained first aiders have to undertake specific first aid training. All first aid trainings should be documented to know when the certificate expires; this is mostly after three (3) years. When the certificate expires, a refresher course should be organized.
Standard training includes dealing with wounds and bleeding, shock, anaphylaxis, choking, etc.
The training should also cover the full components of the first aid box, when they should be used, and how to use them.
Any accident to pupils or visitors must be immediately attended to by the first aiders on grown. They will help manage the situation until the patient is being conveyed to a medical facility for proper medical attention.
In an emergency, the member of staff in charge should have procedures for contacting the child’s parent/guardian/named contact as soon as possible.