What is head on collision; causes and injuries associated with it

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What is head on collision; causes and injuries associated with it

A head on collision is a traffic collision where the front ends of two vehicles such as cars, trains, ships or planes hit each other when travelling in opposite directions.

Head-on collisions are an often fatal type of road traffic collision. The NHTSA defines a head-on collision thusly:

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Refers To A Collision Where The Front End Of One Vehicle Collides With The Front End Of Another Vehicle While The Two Vehicles Are Traveling In Opposite Directions.

NOTE: If there is impact damage to the front of both vehicles, then the chances are there was a head on collision. They can happen with a car, truck, or motorcycle. If the front of each vehicle crashes into each other, it is a head on collision or frontal collision no matter what type of vehicle is involved.  Head on collision usually happen when one driver crosses the center of the road and drives into oncoming traffic or when a driver is simply driving the wrong way in traffic.

Read Also: What is Side impact collision; Causes & its effects on the body

Causes of head on collision

There are many causes of head-on collisions, some are:

  • Traveling the wrong way on the road
  • Crossing over the center line
  • Speeding
  • Falling asleep at the wheel and drifting into oncoming traffic
  • Failing to see, read, or follow road signs describing the direction traffic is supposed to be traveling
  • Driving while under the influence of alcohol or drugs
  • Distracted driving by doing things such as texting, talking on the phone, or using a GPS
  • Passing a vehicle ahead on a two lane road by driving in the opposite lane of travel
  • Driving in dangerous weather conditions
  • Turning the wrong way down a one way street

Read Also: Sideswipe accident; Causes, injuries & how to prevent it

Common injuries associated with head on collision

Because of the forces involved in head on crashes, they usually cause severe injuries and even death. The most common injuries that occur in this type of crash include:

  • Abdominal injuries
  • Foot, ankle and lower extremity injuries and fractures
  • Pelvic fractures
  • Chest and rib fractures
  • Head trauma, concussions, and traumatic brain injuries
  • Spinal cord injuries and paralysis
  • Whiplash, neck pain, and back pain

Read Also: Types of accidents (With comprehensive classification)

Examples of head on collisions

Here are video examples of head on collisions:

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