President, Speech Pathologists and Audiologists Association in Nigeria (SPAAN), Prof. Julius Ademokoya, says no fewer than 8.5 million Nigerians are suffering from hearing impairments. He stated this on Thursday during a news conference to commemorate the International Month of Hearing and Speech for 2020, held at the NUJ Press Centre in Ibadan.
Ademokoya described the rate at which the figure of affected Nigerians was increasing as alarming, calling for the government’s intervention toward addressing the situation. “We are in the era of the danger of more people losing their hearing and speech systems.
In 1999 when research was conducted, more than 7.3 million people had problems with their auditory system in Nigeria. “But a study conducted early this year revealed that the number has increased, and currently, 8.5million people in Nigeria have hearing problems, while 466 million people are suffering hearing loss globally.
Ademokoya also said that the government’s attention to hearing and speech loss was very discouraging, adding the country, the society and family would, no doubt, lose the meaningful contributions expected from victims. He called on the government to facilitate legislations that promote healthy living, particularly aspects of hearing and speech, adding that when such a problem was detected early, chances of resolving it would be greater. He advised the government to set up a unit in each local government, particularly at the health centres, where affected persons could access healthcare. According to him, it is important that people protect their auditory system through hearing conservation.
Ademokoya said, “Government must ensure that every child is screened as early as possible for corrective surgery. “They should also introduce speech correction as a subject at the primary school level.” He also advocated for the introduction of speech education as General Education Study (GES) in tertiary institutions, irrespective of courses of study. “When you grow, your voice must grow with you too. But some elderly people also speak like children, meaning that their voices did not grow with them. “This is a challenge. When you see women who speak and their voices are like those of men, it is not normal. If the challenge has been detected early, it would have been corrected. This ought to be detected and corrected before the child begins to speak,” he also said.
Also speaking, Prof. Oyedunni Arulogun, the SPAAN Vice-President, called for more sensitisation at the grassroots, saying such efforts should commence from households to ensure greater impact. She listed some causes of hearing loss as genetic, psychological, drug abuse, illnesses, injuries, misuse of sharp objects, accident, and diet, among others. Also, Dr. Adeola Olusanya, a Consultant and Partner, Smile Train Incorporation, advocated for early childhood detection and therapy for speech defects.