What Welfare Facilities Are Required On Site – Welfare facilities are those facilities that are necessary for the well-being of employees, such as washing points, toilet, rest and changing facilities, and somewhere clean to eat and drink during breaks.
There are other basic requirements that must be met by all facilities on site. These can include things like the number of toilets needed per person and what those toilets should look like – basically, you need to know the code before you start building so that you don’t get in trouble.
Provision of welfare facilities on site is very important and has a regulation covering it; this means there are punitive measures for employers who fault in providing these welfare facilities.
What Is A Welfare Facility On Site
Welfare facilities are required on sites to make sure employees have a place to use the bathroom and get food, water, and shelter. Welfare facilities need to be close to where people are working so they don’t have to go far. In the event of an emergency, welfare facilities should be easy for people to find.
The welfare facility should also be large enough so that all of the workers can use it at once. Construction site welfare facilities need to be placed in good locations such as next to parking lots or near pathways from one area of the site to another. Welfare facilities examples are found at high-hazard industrial worksites like oil refineries, chemical plants, paper mills, mines and quarries.
Welfare facilities are often modular, but they can be constructed on-site if needed. Welfare facilities usually feature restrooms and hand washing stations, vending machines, drinking fountains and emergency showers. Welfare facilities should also have a room for employees to rest during long shifts.
Since welfare facilities are required on site by federal and state law, employers need to make sure that they have them. Most welfare facilities are built before construction starts. If a business doesn’t have a place for workers to take breaks or eat their lunch, fines can be assessed. Welfare facility requirements also help protect construction workers’ safety on site.
Examples of Welfare Facilities
Welfare facilities are required on site for construction sites where buildings are being built or demolished. Welfare facilities regulations require that the welfare facility be able to accommodate at least two workers of either gender and have a washroom and shower. The welfare facility should also have a table with chairs or benches in it, as well as an electrical outlet. This is just one example of welfare facilities.
Other examples of welfare facilities include having an electric outlet so that your workers can charge their phones and keep them running during lunch breaks, as well as a bathroom so that they can relieve themselves if need be. It is important to remember that some welfare facilities may not be available at all times, such as when there’s no water access nearby, which means you’ll need extra water bottles for those situations. Welfare facilities regulations can vary depending on what type of industry you work in- this could mean welfare requirements will change depending on the level of hazardous materials used.
READ: 10 Tips For Maintaining Health And Safety In A Construction Site
One example of hazardous materials used in industry is asbestos, which means you’ll need to provide an asbestos register that workers can read. This must be kept at a welfare facility and will contain information about exposure risks so that workers can get any exposure training they require to work with asbestos safely. If you have any more questions about welfare facilities for your workplace, then make sure to talk to your regional HSE office so they can clarify what requirements are needed by law.
Welfare Facilities Regulation
Welfare facilities requirements vary depending on the size and type of building being constructed. Construction site welfare facilities are required to provide potable water, potable water containers, bulk chemical toilets (with toilet paper), hand washing stations, storage for refuse. Welfare facilities examples are larger buildings such as schools, hospitals or prisons require more extensive welfare facilities such as showers/bathing facilities with hot and cold running water and washroom accommodation.
Welfare facilities requirements also vary depending on whether you’re constructing a building that has been designed to cater for people who are ill, injured or otherwise unable to leave their homes.
Here are basic welfare requirement as stipulated by Health & Safety Executive.
Construction Site Welfare Facilities
Welfare facilities are necessary on construction sites in order to provide safety and a comfortable environment for workers. Welfare facilities should be located within the site’s perimeter and have the following: – toilet facilities, – hand-washing facilities, – rubbish bins, and – first aid kits. Other welfare facilities examples include provisions of food and drink, rest areas with mattresses or beds, temporary shelter when needed, shade structures when needed, drinking water at all times during working hours, access to toilet facilities during non-working hours or if outside working hours last more than four hours.
However, the type of welfare facilities will depend on the size of the workforce and site location.
The Health & Safety Executive outlines what welfare facilities should be provided at work to ensure the health and wellbeing of workers, including those at a construction site. These can include toilets, washing facilities, places to store personal items like lunchboxes and coats, lighting around walkways so it’s easier to see hazards like broken glass or nails scattered across floors.
What Welfare Facilities Are Required On Site
Here are some of the welfare facilities required on site:
So far as is reasonably practicable you need to provide flushing toilets and running water, connected to mains water and drainage systems. If this is not possible, facilities with a built-in water supply and drainage tanks should be used. Portable chemical toilets are acceptable only if it is not reasonably practicable to make other adequate provision. Toilets must be adequately ventilated, lit and maintained in a clean condition. The frequency of cleaning will depend on usage. Basic daily cleaning may not always be sufficient. Provide an adequate number of toilets.
READ: 7 Uninsured Costs Of Workplace Accidents You Don’t Know About
The number needed will depend on the number of workers on site and the type of facilities provided. Portable toilets have a limited capacity and will need emptying. The number of portable toilets needed depends on the number of persons and the frequency of emptying. BS6465– 1:2006 recommends a ratio of 1 toilet to 7 persons where portable toilets are emptied once a week. Men and women may use the same toilet, if it is in a lockable room and partitioned from any urinals. Otherwise provide separate toilets. Adequate supplies of toilet paper should always be available. Sanitary waste disposal should be provided in facilities used by female workers.
Provide washing facilities next to both toilets and changing areas. Consider placing them next to rest areas if these are far from toilets or changing areas. They should include:
- A supply of clean hot and cold, or warm, water (which should be running water so far as is reasonably practicable);
- Soap or other suitable means of cleaning;
- Towels or other suitable means of drying;
- Sufficient ventilation and lighting;
- Sinks large enough to wash face, hands and forearms.
Men and women can share sinks used for washing hands, face and arms. Unisex shower facilities can be provided if they are in a separate, lockable room, which can be used by one person at a time.
Showers used for particularly dirty work, or when workers are exposed to especially hazardous substances (eg development of contaminated land, or demolition of old industrial buildings which are contaminated with toxic substances etc), will need to be separate from the main facilities. Specialist facilities are needed for certain activities, eg working with lead or asbestos or tunnelling in compressed air.
A supply of wholesome drinking water should be readily available. Where possible, it should be supplied direct from the mains. If water is stored, protect it from possible contamination and make sure it is changed often enough to prevent it from becoming stale or contaminated. Where necessary, clearly mark the drinking water supply to prevent it being confused with hazardous liquids or water which is not fit to drink. Provide cups or other drinking vessels at the outlet, unless the water is supplied in an upward jet, which can be drunk easily (eg a drinking fountain).
Changing Rooms and Lockers
Every site should have arrangements for securely storing personal clothing not worn on site and for protective clothing needed for site work. Men and women should be able to change separately. Separate lockers might be needed, although on smaller sites the site office may be a suitable storage area provided it is kept secure. Where there is a risk of protective site clothing contaminating everyday clothing, items should be stored separately. Provision should be made to allow wet clothing to be dried. As a general rule clothing should not be placed directly on heaters due to the risk of fire. If electrical heaters are used, they should be properly ventilated and, if possible, fitted with a high temperature cut-out device.
Rest facilities should provide shelter from wind and rain. The rest facilities should have adequate numbers of tables, seating with backs, a means for heating water for drinks and for warming up food (eg a gas or electrical heating ring or microwave oven) and be adequately heated. Rest areas are not to be used to store plant, equipment or materials.