Occupational Health – Definition & Specialized areas

Occupational health deals with all aspects of health and safety in the workplace and has a strong focus on injury prevention and employee education.
It is a field of health care made up of multiple disciplines dedicated to the well-being and safety of employees in the workplace.
It is a known fact that individual occupations have direct effect on every worker, this is where occupational health steps in to manage the negative impact of occupation on the health of workers.
Specialist in this field render occupational health services. These services helps  keep employees healthy and safe whilst in work and also manage any risks in the workplace that are likely to give rise to work-related ill health. These occupational health services include employee wellness, pre-placement testing, ergonomics, occupational therapy, occupational medicine, physical therapy, injury care, etc.

Duties of occupational health specialist

  • Encouraging safe working practices;
  • Ergonomics (studying how you work and how you could work better);
  • Monitoring the health of the workforce;
  • Supporting the management of sickness absence
  • Work with your employer to implement policies and ensure health and safety compliance;
  • Conduct pre-employment health assessments;
  • Support health promotion and education programmes;
  • Provide advice and counselling to employees around non-health-related problems;
  • Provide your employer with advice and guidance around making reasonable adjustments to your working conditions.

Read Also: What is the difference between occupational therapy and physical therapy?

Specialized areas

Responsive Links
  • Physiotherapists;
  • Hygienists;
  • Psychologists;
  • Ergonomic experts;
  • Occupational therapists.


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