Emergency Action Plan

Emergency action plan (EAP) is a written document required to facilitate and organize employer and employee actions during workplace emergencies.

The emergency action plan is required by OSHA and is covered by OSHA standards. [29 CFR 1910.38(a)]


A well-developed emergency action plan coupled with proper employee training will result to less damage to property, equipment and personnel and also enhance fast recovery from any emergency.

Whereas, poorly prepared plan, likely will lead to a disorganized evacuation or emergency response, resulting in confusion, injury, property damage and prolonged recovery time.

Read AlsoWhat is Emergency Response and how it works


5 Elements Of A Good Emergency Action Plan

  1. Emergencies the employer may reasonably expect in the workplace based on its activities.
  2. Must be in writing, kept in the workplace, and available to employees for review.
  3. Must include at a minimum:
    • Procedures for reporting a fire or other emergency
    • Alarms/communication systems, and how alarms will be activated.
    • Procedures for emergency evacuation, including type of evacuation and exit route assignments.
    • Procedures to be followed by employees who remain to operate critical plant operations before they evacuate
    • Procedures to account for all employees after evacuation;
    • Procedures to be followed by employees performing rescue or medical duties.
    • The name or job title of every employee who may be contacted by employees who need more information about the plan or an explanation of their duties under the plan.
  4. Training plan for employees
  5. Plan for the review of the emergency action plan


Read Also: The 4 elements of the emergency management plan


Emergency action plan documents (Free PDF copies) – Click to download




Construction emergency action plan

Read AlsoIncident management process, plan with implementation checklist template

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