Electrical burns treatment should only be carried out by persons who are knowledgeable in the risk associated with electric burns, to avoid being a second casualty.
It is important that electric burns be well treated to avoid complications. This treatment can be carried out in two (2) forms:
- First aid treatment
- Medical treatment
First aid treatment
The first aid treatment is necessary to keep the casualty alive, prevent the injury from being worse and to enhance recovery. It should be carried out while waiting for proper medical attention.
First aid measures to be taken for electrical burns include:
- Call for medical assistance immediately
- Turn off the source of electricity if possible. If not, move the source away from the casualty using a dry, nonconducting object made of cardboard, plastic or wood.
- The patient should be laid down to prevent injury from shock or seizures that may occur.
- Begin CPR if the person shows no signs of circulation, such as breathing, coughing or movement. If not trained to do CPR, do not try it.
- Try to prevent the injured person from becoming chilled.
- Apply a bandage. Cover any burned areas with a sterile gauze bandage, if available, or a clean cloth. Don’t use a blanket or towel, because loose fibers can stick to the burns.
Electrical burns can be tricky to treat, as the source of the burns can cause injury to anyone that comes in contact with the patient if the patient is still in contact with the electrical source. This is why the electrical source should be removed or turned off if possible, using a none electrical conductor.
Within the scope of this article, medical treatment will not be discussed in details.
However, in case of electric burns, a medical personnel should be contacted as fast as possible to reduce the damage that could be caused by the electrical injury.
NOTE: Electrical burns treatment must be carried out by a trained personnel.
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